DRDO is India’s leading developer of it’s indigenous-developed weapons systems, platforms and equipments.From Akash & Pragati missiles to LCA Tejas light fighter aircraft and radar systems…we take a look at nine best weapons DRDO has developed so far:
1) Pragati missile
Pragati is India’s new tactical surface-to-surface missile, with a range between 60-170 km. India will offer it to friendly countries.
The new missile is based on the Prahaar missile developed by the DRDO for the Army and can be termed as its export variant with minor differences. The government has approved that it may be offered to friendly countries if anyone shows interest in it.
2) Battle Field Surveillance Radar
Battle Field Surveillance Radar – Short Range (BFSR-SR) is a battery-powered, light-weight, man-portable surveillance radar. It can search a specified sector and can simultaneously track multiple targets and carry out doppler based classification of various ground surface targets.
The radar has a low probability of being intercepted and has the ability to detect, track and classify a crawling man (at a distance of 700 m), single man walking (3 km) and moving heavy vehicles (14 km). It has made round the clock surveillance of forward areas more effective.
3) Airborne Early Warning and Control system
According to DRDO, the indigenous Airborne Early Warning and Control system (AEW&C) System is a multi-sensor system providing for all aspects of Airborne early Warning & Control in today’s defence scenario.
AEW&C System has been developed by the Bangalore based CABS for the Indian Air Force. Under the deal, Brazil’s Embraer aircraft manufacturer has modified its regional jet aircraft, EMB-145 to carry the Active Array Antenna Unit (AAAU), developed by the DRDO.
Akash is a medium range Surface to Air Missile with multitarget engagement capability. According to DRDO, it uses high-energy solid propellant for the booster and ram-rocket propulsion for the sustainer phase.
“The propulsion system provides higher level of energy with minimum mass, compared to conventional solid/liquid rocket motor, that has better performance with minimum weight of the missile,” DRDO says.
It has a dual mode guidance, initially on command mode from a phased array radar and later radar homing guidance with unique software developed for high accuracy. The phased array radar provides capability for multiple target tracking and simultaneous deployment of missiles to attack four targets at the same time, in each battery. The system is highly mobile and has gone through a number of flight trials providing the command guidance.
Astra is India’s first air-to-air missile. The beyond visual range (BVR) missile will have an eventual strike range of over 100km. Astra has had a chequered history.
Long in the making, with its prototypes even being tested earlier, the Astra project was finally officially sanctioned in March 2004 at an initial cost of Rs 955 crore.
6) LCA Navy
Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) is an advanced technology, single seat, single engine, supersonic, light-weight, all-weather, multi-role, air superiority fighter designed for air-to-air, air-to-ground and air-to-sea combat roles. The LCAs are supposed to replace India’s ageing fleet of MiGs.
The much-delayed indigenous aircraft is expected to be ready for induction into operational service by 2015. The LCA project has been delayed by more than 20 years. Former Defence Minister A K Antony has said that he is ‘impatient’ to see completion of LCA project.
7) 3D Medium Range Surveillance Radar – Rohini
Rohini is a ground based mechanically scanning S-Band pulse Doppler radar for air space surveillance to detect and track air targets with reliability, even under hostile EW operational environment for the Indian Air Force.
According to DRDO, the radar scans the air space 360 in Azimuth and 30 in elevation upto 18 km height. “The flexible architecture is a reliable and adaptable technology for multiple applications early warning for air defence weapon system, air defence sensor at airbases,” DRDO says.
“The radar has advanced technologies like digital receiver, programmable signal processor providing high resolution, accuracy, response and information availability. The software controlled high-speed digital technologies offer real time configuration to the operational crew,” it adds.
8) Weapon locating radar
DRDO says that the Weapon locating radar (WLR) is a coherent, electronically scanned C-Band pulse doppler radar. “The radar automatically locates hostile artillery, mortars and rocket launchers and tracks friendly fire to locate the impact point of friendly artillery fire to issue necessary corrections,” it says.
9) Akash – India’s Mobile Launcher System
Akash is an all weather area air defence weapon system for defending vulnerable areas against medium range air targets penetrating from low, medium and high altitudes.
“The system is designed to neutralize multiple aerial targets attacking from several directions simultaneously. The system is autonomous and its operation is fully automated,” DRDO says.
“The system is configured to be cross country mobile on tracked chasses for the Army or road mobile on Tatra chasses. This provides flexibility in deployment,” it adds.